As we head into the holiday shopping season, a new video from Shopify offers an interesting glimpse into e-commerce history. So, what was the first thing ever sold on the Internet? Read Fast Company's introduction, and then watch "Proceed to Checkout: The Unexpected Story of How E-Commerce Started."
Each year since his death in 2011, November 8 is celebrated online as #AaronSwartzDay, when countless tributes to this Internet Hall of Fame inductee are made across multiple digital platforms. This article on Catch News examines his life, work and the legacy he left behind.
Radia Perlman, the inventor of the Spanning Tree algorithm, summarized it in a poem titled "Algorhyme," (adapted from the poem "Trees" by Joyce Kilmer).
Here, Perlman accompanies on the piano at MIT's Lincoln Laboratory while her daughter, Dawn (voice), puts the poem to music.
The 1973 paper by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn describing TCP/IP represented the start of the ‘Internet Age.’ By 1987, key developments in the U.S. planted seeds for the global Internet: adoption of TCP/IP by the ARPANET, and two TCP/IP-based, National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded community networks. These were CSNET (the Computer Science Network) and the NSFNET.
What is often overlooked is that this U.S. activity was not emulated elsewhere. Governments of almost every country actively opposed Internet adoption. They viewed the Internet as a non-standard U.S. technology. They favored a collection of protocols, commonly referred to as OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), being developed by the world’s standards bodies (such as the International Organization for Standardization). In Europe, most national governments and the European Commission would not fund Internet R&D.
In the U.S., there also was anti-Internet pressure. The Commerce Department supported the GOSIP (Government OSI Profile) directive requiring that OSI be included on U.S. government computer purchases. And many U.S. companies preferred OSI to TCP/IP.
On February 8, 1996, at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Grateful Dead lyricist, Electronic Frontier Foundation founder and Internet Hall of Fame inductee John Perry Barlow wrote 'A Declaration of Cyberspace.' At the time, the declaration sought to establish that the Internet falls outside any country's borders, and that as a result no government's laws should be applied to it. By 2004, John Perry Barlow, reflecting on the optimism of his work, noted,"we all get older and smarter." Here, the modern orator revisits this historic paper in New York City on July 30, 2013.