With COVID-19 throwing the digital divide into sharper focus, a 2019 Internet Hall of Fame inductee has some long- and short-term ideas about how to address the problem.
A former assistant Secretary of Commerce, Larry Irving served for seven years as administrator of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration and was one of the main architects of telecommunications policy in the Clinton White House.
In an opinion piece published Aug. 31 by Morning Consult, Irving offered the Federal Communications Commission several...
One 2019 inductee into the Internet Hall of Fame did not expect to go global quite so quickly.
In the early 2000s, while pursuing studies and research opportunities abroad, Klaas Wierenga developed eduroam, a free, secure, international wi-fi roaming service for academic communities.
In a recent video interview, Wierenga acknowledged that he did not anticipate his creation to grow exponentially, even with the international research community’s hyperconnected nature.
“Innovation is almost always to…scratch an itch. It is a problem you are facing and trying to come up with a solution for,” he said.
That itch -- the need for reliable, secure Internet access when conducting research in new environments -- is now scratched in more than 100 countries across every continent but Antarctica.
Klaas Wierenga could do without Big Brother peeking over his shoulder while surfing the Internet.
A 2019 inductee into the Internet Hall of Fame, Wierenga developed eduroam, a free, secure, international wi-fi roaming service for academic and research communities that is available in more than 100 countries worldwide.
Citing the Edward Snowden case, Wierenga said in a recent interview that one of his greatest concerns about the future of the Internet is how frequently governments monitor individuals’ web activity.
“The extent to which governments spy on their own and other citizens is staggering. That is the single most thing that worries me about the Internet,” Wierenga said. “We all as an Internet community should work very hard to make sure those governments are unable to prevent the Internet from being what it is, has been, and continues to be: a place where, if you have a good idea, you can make it happen.”
To Tim Berners-Lee, the ongoing global pandemic has further highlighted the need for ordinary citizens to push towards ending the digital divide.
Part of the Internet Hall of Fame’s inaugural class, Berners-Lee is the founder of the World Wide Web and wrote the first web client and server.
In a column recently published by The Guardian, Berners-Lee reiterated his belief that his creation is meant for everyone’s use and that public investment is critical to facilitate that goal.
He writes: “As Covid-19 forces huge change to our lives, we have an opportunity for big, bold action that recognizes that, as with electricity in the last century and postal services before that, the web is an essential utility that governments and business should combine to deliver as a basic right."
Despite Larry Irving’s dogged efforts to ensure Internet access for minorities and the impoverished, digital equity remains an uphill battle.
“Four-and-a-half billion people are connected to the Internet, and most Americans are connected,” Irving says. “… but one out of three New Yorkers don’t have broadband. So, there are more people in New York City without broadband than there are people in Houston.”
“Seventy percent of teachers give homework that requires broadband,” he added. “And five million students in this great nation of ours go home every night to a home without broadband.”
Irving warns that the inequities will only get worse under the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) current policies, which only focus on connecting rural areas.
“How can a nation as rich as ours have these continued divides? And with 5G, we will make the divide worse,” he said.
“Fed policy has limited the ability of states, localities and cities and communities to require providers of 5G to deploy it equitably. It is important that we focus on rural...